Caricatures have been around since the mid-1750’s and are a special form of creative art where the artist specifically hones in on one feature, the prominent feature of the subject. They existed before then but not as a common thing.
Humorous illustration chicago will look for a defining quality which could be as simple as a very high forehead or big ears and us that to create something that is instantly recognizable. It doesn’t have to be a person necessarily. It is possible to caricature a city or an item. The point is that the drawing is highly stylized and also that the essence is depicted in a single window.
Is a caricature a cartoon?
There are similarities between the two. In fact, it might be true to say that all caricatures are cartoons, whereas all cartoons are not caricatures.
Cartoons can be a single frame, but don’t have to be. Anyone who has read any comic books inherently knows that it’s not the case. And while a cartoonist might use a visual key to reflect a personality there is no need to do so. Cartoon characters do not necessarily have a defining feature exaggerated as a metaphor for the person or place concerned.
What if you don’t know the person or place?
With a caricature of a building or an article, it is harder to classify as a caricature if you don’t know the place. You need to have a sense of why the building is being used as a metaphor for the city and why it is relevant as such. If you don’t know, you’re not going to get the whole joke. You may see the illustration as a cartoon, but miss the irony or why it is an in-joke.